TUNING YOUR GUITAR
Hi I’m Stretton and I want to show you how to tune your guitar both with the tuner and manually without it. We tune, set-up and check every guitar here at our work shop in Hinckley UK directly before we send them out. However with changes in temperature and moisture the guitar may need some fine tuning when you receive it. Especially the nylon string guitars as the new nylon strings are very stretchy. The more you tune the strings the better they are at holding tune as the string stretches to a point of elasticity where it becomes stable and doesn’t stretch anymore.
So, if you bought the guitar package, the tuner is in the box with the guitar. With the guitar packages we supply our own Stretton Payne clip-on tuner because it’s the easiest way to tune your guitar. There are instructions with the tuner but here goes..... Once you’ve put the battery in and turned the tuner on, you clip it to the head of the guitar. When you pluck a string the tuner picks up the vibration of the string to get the pitch. The pitch is then shown on the screen. The tuner actually has 5 settings for Chromatic (every note possible), guitar, bass, violin and ukulele. The instrument settings only pick out the notes for the open string of each instrument.
Set the tuner to guitar. To adjust the pitch of the string we can tighten or loosen the string by turning the machine heads. As we do this the change in pitch is registered on the screen. The guitar strings are tuned the thickest string to the thinnest string E A D G B E. So with the help of the tuner we know whether to tune up or tune down the string to get our pitch note.
Press play on the notes to hear what each string should sound like.
Start with the thickest string which needs to be tuned to E. Pluck the string leaving it open, that means not holding the string down against the fretboard. The tuner will register the note that it is closest to and show an arrow below or above the note. If the arrows are below the note on the tuner pointing up then you need to tighten the string by turning the machine head to raise the pitch of the note. If there are arrows above the note on the tuner pointing down then you need to loosen the string by turning the machine head in the opposite direction to tune the string down to the note.
Continue this with each string in turn thickest to thinnest. Remember the strings are tuned to E A D G B E. The thick E string is tuned 1 octave lower than the thin E string.
To check the strings are in tune with each other we can compare them manually. If you hold down the thickest string with your finger behind the 5th fret it should be the same note and the next string played open. See the diagram for further details.
Start with the 6th string (thickest string).
Hold down the 5th fret on the 6th string - this should be the same note as the 5th string played open.
5th fret on the 5th string = 4th string open
5th fret on the 4th string = 3rd string open
4th fret on the 3rd string = 2nd string open
5th fret on the 2nd string = 1st string open